The European Union consumed 527 bcm of natural gas in 2017. While part of it was produced within those borders, nearly 80% was imported from other countries. The methane emissions of imported natural gas varies greatly across countries and companies.
Carbon Limits performed an analysis to estimate the methane emissions of the gas imported to the EU. Two different methods and data sources have been used:
- The first method is derived from national inventories of the different countries
- The second method is based on value chain emissions factors available in existing literature.
The two methods were compared to the methane emissions from the natural gas value chain occurring within EU borders.