Benchmarks for Allowance Allocation in Kazakhstan

The study commissioned by the World Bank had the following objectives:
• to determine an appropriate benchmarking approach for allocation under the Kazakh ETS, based on the benchmarking approach adopted for other emission trading systems;
• prepare benchmarks for the most relevant industrial products in Kazakhstan;
• determine the allocation process based on these benchmarks;
• prepare guidance notes on the development and use of the benchmarks and the allocation process in general